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Document-pdf GM Crops just the science (.pdf) - A collection of scientific studies.

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25 Things YOU can do today to end GMOs / Facts you need to know

 

 


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  • commented 2015-08-05 13:49:32 -0700
    My standard reply to the hybridization/genetic modification comparison myth, usually goes something like this; please feel free to use any or all of it.

    The great myth: genetic modification has been going on for ten thousand years. Not a day goes by when I don’t here this same old propaganda ploy.

    This myth is perpetuated by the biotech industry to downplay any potential harm inherent in genetic modification when achieved through the use of modern biotechnology. It is wholly untrue.

    It is so commonly spread by the biotech puppets, I hear it about twice a week – on a slow week. I have a list of tactics that are used, this one is:

    Tactic #106: Claiming that there are no differences between genetic modification techniques using modern biotechnology and the other types of genetic modification, such as hybridization, or selective breeding. Often the myth is perpetuated by saying something like “we have been eating genetically modified food for ten thousand years.”

    It is absolute nonsense, of course. GMOs are not a natural extension of hybridization. It is just part of the propaganda campaign. There is a word for it, spin. Or, B.S.

    As defined by Monsanto. “Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) – A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism the genetics of which have been altered through the use of modern biotechnology to create a novel combination of genetic material. GMOs may be the source of genetically modified food ingredients and are also widely used in scientific research and to produce goods other than food.”

    Also:

    “Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be defined as organisms (i.e. plants, animals or microorganisms) in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination. The technology is often called “modern biotechnology” or “gene technology”, sometimes also “recombinant DNA technology” or “genetic engineering”. It allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another, also between nonrelated species. Foods produced from or using GM organisms are often referred to as GM foods.” - International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) June 21 2005 report on biotechnology.

    Also:

    From the ISAAA: (The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications): "GM technology enables plant breeders to bring together in one plant useful genes from a wide range of living sources, not just from within the crop species or from closely related plants.”

    The ISAAA refers to the achievement of this outcome with the use of “Modern biotechnology” which they define as “the application of in vitro nucleic acid techniques, including recombinant DNA and direct injection of nucleic acid into cells or organelles or fusion of cells beyond the taxonomic family.”
    *
    Hybrid:
    In biology, hybrid has two meanings.

    The first meaning is the result of interbreeding between two animals or plants of different taxa.
    -Hybrids between different species within the same genus are sometimes known as interspecific hybrids or crosses.
    -Hybrids between different sub-species within a species are known as intra-specific hybrids.
    -Hybrids between different genera are sometimes known as intergeneric hybrids.
    *********************
    “GM is not like natural plant breeding. GM uses laboratory techniques to insert artificial gene units to re-programme the DNA blueprint of the plant with completely new properties. This process would never happen in nature. The artificial gene units are created in the laboratory by joining fragments of DNA, usually derived from multiple organisms, including viruses, bacteria, plants and animals. … The GM transformation process of plants is crude, imprecise, and causes widespread mutations, resulting in major changes to the plant’s DNA blueprint . These mutations unnaturally alter the genes’ functioning in unpredictable and potentially harmful ways.” – “GM Crops – Just the Science,” Non-GMO Project.
    *******************************
    In the end, you have different processes between hybridization and the use of modern biotechnology to achieve genetic modification. A different process, and an entirely different outcome. What occurs through hybridization in unlike anything that results in the lab using modern biotechnology.

    In hybridization, you would never see a gene from the Bt toxin inserted into the DNA of a corn seed; you would never see the shikimate pathway of a plant being affected in such a way that would enable it to withstand the application of glyphosate [the shikimate pathway involves amino acids, without which, the weeds die, and the Round Up ready crops do not]. It is a different process, with different outcomes. The kind of things such as a GMO food having extra DNA, including a gene that conferred resistance to the antibiotic ampicillin, never happens in hybridization. (Bt10 corn).

    “There are also risks associated with the fact that genetic engineers have no control over where in a plant’s DNA their gene will land and they often land in another gene, mutating that gene. Unexpected changes can occur in GM plants as a result of such unintended insertions–and other possible mutations. For example, the gene inserted into StarLink corn failed multiple tests designed to determine whether it could be a human allergen. The FDA and Center for Disease Control were worried enough about StarLink corn’s possible allergenicity that the US corn crop was monitored for the presence of that GM corn for seven years after it was taken off the market.” – Dr. Belinda Martineau, former genetics engineer with first-hand experience making GMO foods and who holds a number of patents in the field.
  • commented 2013-11-04 07:56:10 -0800
    Hi, Janine and Rick. We are a fully volunteer organization that relies on people having an idea then doing it. Want to help us make such a document up?
  • commented 2012-04-10 11:16:01 -0700
    It would have nice to have more options for brochures. One that tell the difference between hybridization, domestication, and GMOs. And others that provide more explanation regarding GMOs. Develop some two sided tracts to hand out.
  • published this page in Resources 2011-11-14 11:30:46 -0800
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